Geography and climate
Bhutan spans 39,000 square miles that form a giant staircase between the narrow lands of the south (altitude 300 m) and the summits of the Himalayan mountain range to the north (alt. more than 7,000 m). The county is wedged between Tibet to the north and India to the south.
The center of the country, the most visited part, is at an altitude between 1,200 m and 3000 m. You can travel across the country, from east to west (or vice versa), in a car as well as via internal flights.
As Bhutan is rather isolated, its ecosystem is well preserved and 70% of the territory is covered by forests.
The climate varies depending on the altitude; the north is mountainous and cold, the center is mildly temperate and the south is tropical.
The rainy season (monsoon season) is in July and August.
The best times to travel to Bhutan are the following :
- from September to end-November (mid-October/mid-November are ideal), sunny with clear blue skies, comfortable temperatures during the day, cooler evenings.
- from March to May, the temperatures are warmer than in the fall; April is magnificent with the 46 kinds of rhododendrons in bloom.